Chinese (Traditional) Chinese (Simplified)
Home本期文章傳媒堅守崗位 積極發揮抗疫角色

【新聞後記】傳媒堅守崗位 積極發揮抗疫角色

 

Postnews

 

第四權 (The Fourth Estate) 是指行政、立法、司法三權之外的第四種政治權力,泛指監察政府的新聞傳媒。傳媒透過報導對政府、企業或社會發揮監察作用,並讓大眾擁有充分知情權。面對新冠肺炎疫情肆虐,安省宣佈進入緊急狀態,作為第四權的新聞傳媒,一如所料被列作必要行業之一,肩負傳遞最新疫情及三級政府抗疫措施的重任。不過,既要爭分奪秒搶新聞,又要符合兩米的社交距離規定,以及保障員工免受感染的可能,各傳媒均作出了前所未有的改革,以全新思維運作,在疫情中服務社會。

在不同媒體中,紙媒的影響相對較小。記者可以在家以電話採訪,稿件透過電郵便可發回編輯部。值得一讃的是,兩大中文報章均加強了網上的即時新聞。三級政府的公佈,早上發放的消息,很多時幾分鐘內便以中文上載於網頁,再透過手機應用程式傳送到訂戶手機上,效率比主流媒體不惶多讓。然而,面對廣告收入因疫情影響而大幅減少,其中一份中文報章四月中宣佈東西兩岸合共裁員三十多人,令人憂慮傳媒的裁員潮會陸續有來。

中文傳媒發揮同心抗疫影響力

電子媒體中,電台在今次疫情中可謂充份發揮了機動靈活的特色及優勢。為配合政府呼籲,不少電台節目主持人及新聞報導員均在家工作,只需透過電話便能把最新消息第一時間傳送給聽眾。更可喜的是,多個中文電台均全台投入抗疫行動,一些平常大多只談生活瑣事的日間節目,紛紛加強疫情資訊,訪問專家了解疫情發展、解釋政府不同紓困措施的申請方法、發動社區支持捐贈醫療保護物資等,為長時間被迫留在家中抗疫的華裔家庭,多方位提供最新資訊及發放正能量。

疫情對電視台的衝擊相對較大。為符合社交距離的要求,一向追求高清畫面的各大新聞節目,改而接受質素較差的視像訪問,又或是離被訪者兩米外,以較遠距離拍攝,甚至容許記者及主播在家中工作,以手機或攝錄機拍攝及剪接,再傳送回電視台播出。由於傳送畫面的數據較大,所需時間較長,往往出現網絡不勝負荷的情況,故當中牽涉很多技術問題需要資訊科技部門全力配合。這全賴新科技的普及才能做到,17年前爆發沙士疫情時便不能這樣遙距工作,無遠弗屆,不受地域阻隔。

三級政府定時滙報最新進展

三級政府也非常合作,對傳媒採取非常透明及妥善的安排。安省每天早上十時半,於網頁更新確診及死亡數字。各級政府差不多每天定時舉行新聞發佈會,更新疫情最新進展及公佈政府推出的各項援助措施。總理杜魯多於早上 11 時 15 分、聯邦對抗疫情小組及衞生官員於中午 12 時、安省省長於下午 1 時 15 分、安省衛生官員下午 2 時,而多倫多市長及衛生官員於 3 時 45 分。各媒體亦達成共識,新聞發佈會輪流有一間傳媒負責拍攝,或由大會直接拍攝,再傳送回不同電視台,記者便以電話發問問題,不需親身在現場。每個發佈會均預留大量時間給記者逐一提問,較過往官員在現場只是接受兩三個記者提問便怱怱離去的情況,明顯有改善。

筆者非常欣賞安省省長道格福特於每次新聞發佈會,均以「願神祝福安省省民」作結束 (God bless the people of Ontario)。值得一提的是,全國新聞收視率最高的 CTV 全國新聞,於 3 月 31 日黃昏六時正的新聞中,在節目結束前播出了由兩位神父為全加拿大應對疫情而祈禱的片段,歷時長達兩分鐘。這兩舉動並不尋常,在現今去宗教化的社會中非常難得,公開承認神仍然是掌權的一位。傳媒在疫情中的辛勞及堅守崗位,並非沒有回報的。由於大眾都希望緊貼最新疫情進展,而且大部分時間被迫在家隔離,全國整體電視的收視率平均上升了 12%,其中新聞收視率更大幅上升了 68%。

記者就戴口罩問題窮追猛打

面對今次嚴峻疫情,作為第四權的新聞工作者,不敢怠慢,在各新聞發佈會中,就各項政策窮追猛打。由聯邦政府的各項紓困措施,以至省府的衛生保護裝備(PPE)是否足夠,再到重災區長期護理院舍的防疫工作進度等,官員都要一一回答。但筆者發現,其中見成效的,是傳媒口徑一致,迫使官方改變對戴口罩的態度。三月開始,多份主流報章如 National Post 及 Globe & Mail 陸續發表有關是否需要戴口罩的文章。而每次發佈會後,不同記者差不多都會追問相關問題。一直堅持洗手以及社交距離更重要的加拿大首席衛生官譚詠詩,終於在 4 月 6 日改變口風,聲稱國民可以選擇佩戴非醫用口罩,承認囗罩在某程度上能防止病毒傳播。

至截稿日,安省疫情仍未有回落跡象,省府已宣佈將限制活動的緊急指令延長至 5 月 6 日,顯示這場抗疫之戰短期內不會結束。感恩的是,社會上下一心,同心抗疫;傳媒堅守崗位,繼續監督政府,同時為市民發放正能量。讓我們藉著今次疫情,學習忍耐,靠著禱告,仰望為我們信心創始成終的耶穌。「在指望中要喜樂,在患難中要忍耐,禱告要恆切。」(羅馬書12:12)

 

喜樂 Joy

喜樂的心乃是良藥;憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。箴言 17:22
A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones. Proverbs 17:22

然而,我要因耶和華歡欣,因救我的 神喜樂。哈巴谷書 3:18
yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior. Habakkuk 3:18

要常常喜樂,不住的禱告,凡事謝恩。帖撒羅尼迦前書 5:16-17
Rejoice always, pray continually, give thanks in all circumstances. 1 Thessalonians 5:16-17

饒恕 Forgiveness

主啊,你本為良善,樂意饒恕人,有豐盛的慈愛賜給凡求告你的人。詩篇 86:5
You, Lord, are forgiving and good, abounding in love to all who call to you. Psalm 86:5

你不要說:“我要以惡報惡”;要等候耶和華,他必拯救你。箴言 20:22
Do not say, “I’ll pay you back for this wrong!” Wait for the LORD, and he will avenge you. Proverbs 6:14

你們饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必饒恕你們的過犯;馬太福音 6:14
For if you forgive other people when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. Matthew 6:14

你們不饒恕人的過犯,你們的天父也必不饒恕你們的過犯。馬太福音 6:15
But if you do not forgive others their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. Matthew 6:15

你們各人若不從心裡饒恕你的弟兄,我天父也要這樣待你們了。馬太福音 18:35
This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother or sister from your heart. Matthew 18:35

謙卑 Humility

敬畏耶和華是智慧的訓誨;尊榮以前,必有謙卑。箴言 15:33
Wisdom’s instruction is to fear the LORD, and humility comes before honor. Proverbs 15:33

敬畏耶和華心存謙卑,就得富有、尊榮、生命為賞賜。箴言 22:4
Humility is the fear of the LORD; its wages are riches and honor and life. Proverbs 22:4

凡事不可結黨,不可貪圖虛浮的榮耀;只要存心謙卑,各人看別人比自己強。腓立比書 2:3
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Philippians 2:3

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

驕傲 Pride

驕傲來,羞恥也來;謙遜人卻有智慧。箴言 11:2
When pride comes, then comes disgrace, but with humility comes wisdom. Proverbs 11:2

驕傲只啟爭競;聽勸言的,卻有智慧。箴言 13:10
Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves. Proverbs 13:10

驕傲在敗壞以先;狂心在跌倒之前。箴言 16:18
Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall. Proverbs 16:18

但他賜更多的恩典,所以經上說:神阻擋驕傲的人,賜恩給謙卑的人。雅各書 4:6
But he gives us more grace. That is why Scripture says:“God opposes the proud but shows favor to the humble.” James 4:6

忍耐 Patience

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

並且你們要為我的名,被眾人恨惡,惟有忍耐到底的,必然得救。馬可福音 13:13
Everyone will hate you because of me, but the one who stands firm to the end will be saved. Mark 13:13

不但如此,就是在患難中也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance. Romans 5:3

我們行善,不可喪志;若不灰心,到了時候就要收成加拉太書 6:9
Let us not become weary in doing good, for at the proper time we will reap a harvest if we do not give up. Galatians 6:9

你們也當忍耐,堅固你們的心,因為主來的日子近了。雅各書 5:8
You too, be patient and stand firm, because the Lord’s coming is near. James 5:8

溫柔 Meekness

回答柔和,使怒消退;言語暴戾,觸動怒氣。箴言 15:1
A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger. Proverbs 15:1

溫柔的人有福了,因為他們必承受地土。馬太福音 5:5
Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5

用溫柔勸戒那抵擋的人;或者 神給他們悔改的心,可以明白真道。提摩太後書 2:25
Opponents must be gently instructed, in the hope that God will grant them repentance leading them to a knowledge of the truth. 2 Timothy 2:25

只要以裡面存著長久溫柔、安靜的心為妝飾;這在 神面前是極寶貴的。彼得前書 3:4
Rather, it should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight. 1 Peter 3:4

嫉妒 Envy

不要為作惡的心懷不平,也不要向那行不義的生出嫉妒。詩篇 37:1
Do not fret because of those who are evil or be envious of those who do wrong. Psalm 37:1

心中安靜是肉體的生命;嫉妒是骨中的朽爛。箴言 14:30
A heart at peace gives life to the body, but envy rots the bones. Proverbs 14:30

在何處有嫉妒、紛爭,就在何處有擾亂和各樣的壞事。雅各書 3:16
For where you have envy and selfish ambition, there you find disorder and every evil practice. James 3:16

生氣 Anger

當止住怒氣,離棄忿怒;不要心懷不平,以致作惡。詩篇 37:8
Refrain from anger and turn from wrath; do not fret—it leads only to evil. Psalm 37:8

好生氣的人,不可與他結交;暴怒的人,不可與他來往。箴言 22:24
Do not make friends with a hot-tempered person, do not associate with one easily angered. Proverbs 22:24

愚妄人怒氣全發;智慧人忍氣含怒。箴言 29:11
Fools give full vent to their rage, but the wise bring calm in the end. Proverbs 29:11

生氣卻不要犯罪.不可含怒到日落。以弗所書 4:26
In your anger do not sin: Do not let the sun go down while you are still angry. Ephesians 4:26

我親愛的弟兄們,這是你們所知道的,但你們各人要快快的聽,慢慢的說,慢慢的動怒,因為人的怒氣並不成就 神的義。雅各書 1:19,20
My dear brothers and sisters, take note of this: Everyone should be quick to listen, slow to speak and slow to become angry, because human anger does not produce the righteousness that God desires. James 1:19,20

災難 Calamity

謹守口與舌的、就保守自己免受災難。箴言 21:23
Those who guard their mouths and their tongues keep themselves from calamity. Proverbs 21:23

民要攻打民、國要攻打國、多處必有地震、饑荒.這都是災難的起頭。馬可福音 13:8
Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains. Mark 13:8

憂愁 Worry

你們不要憂愁、因靠耶和華而得的喜樂是你們的力量。尼希米記 8:10
Do not grieve, for the joy of the LORD is your strength. Nehemiah 8:10

主雖使人憂愁, 還要照他諸般的慈愛發憐憫。耶利米哀歌 3:32
Though he brings grief, he will show compassion, so great is his unfailing love. Lamentations 3:32

凡勞苦擔重擔的人,可以到我這裡來,我就使你們得安息。馬太福音 11:28
Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. Matthew 11:28

我留下平安給你們、我將我的平安賜給你們.我所賜的、不像世人所賜的.你們心裏不要憂愁、也不要膽怯。約翰福音 14:27
Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

應當一無掛慮,只要凡事藉著禱告、祈求和感謝,將你們所要的告訴神。神所賜出人意外的平安,必在基督耶穌裡,保守你們的心懷意念。腓立比書 4:6,7
Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:6,7

因此, 你們是大有喜樂, 但如今, 在百般的試煉中暫時憂愁。彼得前書 1:6
In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials. 1 Peter 1:6

患難 Trouble, Suffering

義人多有苦難,但耶和華救他脫離這一切。詩篇 34:19
The righteous person may have many troubles, but the LORD delivers him from them all. Psalm 34:19

神是我們的避難所,是我們的力量,是我們在患難中隨時的幫助!詩篇 46:1
God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Psalm 46:1

耶和華本為善,在患難的日子為人的保障,並且認得那些投靠他的人。那鴻書 1:7
The LORD is good, a refuge in times of trouble. He cares for those who trust in him. Nahum 1:7

為義受逼迫的人有福了,因為天國是他們的。馬太福音 5:10
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Matthew 5:10

不但如此,就是在患難中,也是歡歡喜喜的。因為知道患難生忍耐。羅馬書 5:3
Not only so, but we also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; Romans 5:3

我想現在的苦楚,若比將來要顯於我們的榮耀,就不足介意了。羅馬書 8:18
I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us. Romans 8:18

因為你們蒙恩,不但得以信服基督,並要為他受苦。腓立比書 1:29
For it has been granted to you on behalf of Christ not only to believe in him, but also to suffer for him. Philippians 1:29

Go to top